We experimentally investigated compressive behaviors of a paper and a paper coated by polyethylene resin. The initial thickness of sheets of paper measured under a compressive stress of 4.5kPa was widely distributed in comparison with the basis weight, although the results based on the ISO 534 standard (under compressive stress of 100kPa) had relatively little dispersion. For compressive deformation, the thickness immediately decreased under low compressive stress, because the gap between fibers in the paper collapsed. After that, the variation of the thickness under higher compression was small due to the compression of fibers. We found that although the resin-coat layers did not have an insignificant effect on compressive compliance above 250kPa, the compliance of the coated paper was larger than that of uncoated paper.