Cement structures such as bridges and dams often come into being distortion or exhibit excessive thermal stresses due to the sun radiation or freeze-thaw cycle. Therefore, temperature especially inner temperature difference or deformation of structures must be controlled or regulated sometimes in order to reduce thermal stresses or excessive deformation and to extend the life-span of structures. In this paper, the electro-thermal effects of smart cement are used to adjust temperature difference or deformation of concrete beams without the need of peripheral non-structural materials. Concrete beams for temperature and deformation adjustment were fabricated, and some experimental results as well as the related conclusions about temperature difference and deformation were produced. Based on these results, experiments of temperature difference or deflection adjustment are further conducted successfully. The research results in this paper are the bases of temperature and deformation adjustment for mass concrete structures. A new path will be broken to adjust temperature or deformation easily for some structures.