Fatigue crack propagation life of weld toe crack through residual stress field was estimated using Elber's crack closure concept. Propagation of weld toe crack is heavily influenced by residual stresses caused by the welding process, so it is essential to take into account the effect of residual stresses on the propagation life of a weld toe crack. Fatigue cracks at transverse and longitudinal weld toe was studied, these two cases represent the typical weld joints in ship structures. Numerical and experimental studies are performed for both cases. Residual stresses near the welding area were estimated through a nonlinear thermo-elasto-plastic finite element method and the residual stress intensity factor with Glinka's weight function method. Effective stress intensity factor was calculated using the Newman-Forman-de Koning-Henriksen equation, which is based on the Dugdale strip yield model in estimating the crack closure level, U, at different stress ratios. Calculated crack propagation life coincided well with experimental results.