Barium titanate (BaTiO3) nano-particles with high crystalinity were synthesized by hydrothermal process using Ba(OH)2·8H2O and TiO2 as source materials. The average size of the synthesized BaTiO3 particles decreased as the TiO2 particle size decreased. The amount of hydroxide ions incorporated into the perovskite lattice decreased as the BaTiO3 particle size increased and then became constant above 50 nm. Moreover, the ratio of the c- to a-axis length increased when the BaTiO3 particle size was above 50 nm. Sintered ceramics with a grain size smaller than 100 nm were obtained by using highly crystallized hydrothermal BaTiO3 particles.