The stratum movement and surface subsidence is considered as a whole system in the research work. The key of the surface subsidence control lies first in having thorough knowledge of the dynamic changeable of the overlaying strata movement as the face advances so as to establish the corresponding structure mechanics subsidence model in flat seam and deep mining. The common characteristic of stratum movement and the development procedure of crack arch are described in this paper. The structure constituents of subsidence and their influencing factors are also analyzed. Meanwhile, the surface subsidence is determined by the compressing of coal wall and the bending of the overlying strata. Based on the ground observation by the global positioning system, the boundary angle and the motion angle are determined. Furthermore, according to the research law, one can predict and control the surface subsidence damages for the special geologic conditions.