The impact response and energy absorbing characteristics of laminated, foam sandwich and honeycomb sandwich composites under ballistic impact have been studied in this investigation. An improved model is proposed in this paper to predict the ballistic property of the laminated composites. In this model, the material structures related to fiber lamination angles are designed in terms of their anti-impacting energy absorption capability. The ballistic limit speed and energy absorption per unit thickness of the three composites under different conditions are calculated. It is shown that honeycomb sandwich composite has the best ballistic resistance capability and energy absorption property among the three composites.