Calcium phosphate (Ca-P) biomaterials have been proved to show osteoinductivity, however the affecting factors and mechanism are still unclear now. In this study, the surface characteristics of biphasic Ca-P ceramics (hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate; HA/TCP) sintered at the distinct temperature were investigated and the mechanism of the osteoinductivity was discussed. The osteoinductivity of HA/TCP ceramics increased with decreasing the sintering temperature. The different surface micro-structure resulted from different sintering temperature includes phase composition, surface micro-structure, and surface potential. These characteristics should be the important factors affecting osteoinductivity.