This study evaluated periodontal repair and biomaterial reaction following implantation of a calcium carbonate and autogenous bone on the regeneration of 3-wall intrabony defects in the beagle dogs. The surgical control group received a flap operation only, while the experimental group I was treated with a calcium carbonate and the experimental group II was treated with autograft. The subjects were sacrificed 8 weeks after surgery and a comparative histometric analysis was done. No root resorption or ankylosis were observed in the experimental group. ANOVA post Hoc test showed that the experimental group II produced statistically significant higher gain in connective tissue adhesion, new cementum regeneration and new bone formation. These results suggest that the use of autograft in 3-wall intrabony defects has a significant effect on new cementum and new bone formation height.