Ultrasonic vibration aided electrical discharge machining (UEDM) in gas is an electrical discharge machining (EDM) technology, in which gases such as air and oxygen are used as dielectrics and ultrasonic vibration is applied. UEDM in gas can avoid environment pollution, the most serious disadvantage of conventional EDM in kerosene-based oil or other dielectric fluids, and it is environmental-friendly. The technology also possesses virtues of wide applications, high machining efficiency and simple tool electrodes and so on. The principle of UEDM in gas is introduced in this paper. Experiments have been carried out to study the effects of machining parameters on material removal rate (MRR), surface roughness of the workpiece and tool electrode wear ratio (TWR), and the experiments results have also been analyzed.