A nondestructive rod compression has been proposed as a new strength characterizing technique for in-service components. Using electrical discharge machining, milling machining, and stamping, it was possible to machine small rods, typically about 0.5 mm in both diameter and height on the target surface. Static compressions of the rods were carried out using a flat punch and their deformation behaviors were recorded as load-displacement curves. Referring to initial dimension of the rods, engineering stress-strain curves implying the yield strengths were calculated from the deformation curves. Surface yield strengths from the rod compressions were directly compared with reference compression results and their slight discrepancies were discussed from the influences of pre-deformation and damage of the rod and additive compliance of the base.