Despite of improvement of wheel material for railway vehicle, the damages of railway wheel have been occurred in service running. Because of wheel damage with spalling, shelling and thermal crack, the maintenance cost for the railway wheel has increased. The railway wheel had standardized but the chemical composition, the mechanical property and the hardness with respect to railway wheel is merely established. In order to reduce wheel damage, it is necessary to reinforce the standard of railway wheel. In present study, the fracture mechanics characteristics of railway wheel such as low cycle fatigue, fracture toughness, impact energy depended on low temperature and so on have tested. The result shows that the standard of railway wheel has to supplement fracture toughness and impact energy depended on low temperature etc.