Titania layer was fabricated on the titanium substrates with chemical treatment with 20ml or 40ml of hydrogen peroxide solution and subsequent heat treatment at 400°C, coded as CHT20 and CHT40, respectively. CHT20 spontaneously deposited apatite on the surface in a simulated body fluid (SBF), while CHT40 did not. TF-XRD patterns showed that the diffraction intensity of anatase of CHT20 was higher than that of CHT40. It was suggested that the thicker titania layer indicated in vitro apatite forming ability. The cell proliferation of CHT20 and CHT40 were lower than NT and HT. Since the surface of titania layers became hydrophobic after autoclaving, we can suppose that the cell proliferation on CHT20 and CHT40 were lower than NT and HT due to their surface hydrophobicity.