In this paper, 3D Cf/Si-Ti-C-O composites were prepared with a polytitanocarbosilane (PTC) via polymer infiltration and pyrolysis (PIP) process, and accordingly the mechanical, oxidation resisting and thermal shock resisting properties were investigated. The composites with density of 1.93g·cm-3 show rather high flexural strength (485.3MPa) and fracture toughness (19.95MPa⋅m1/2), and typical non-brittle fracture failure mode. After oxidation treatment at 1300°C for 10 minutes in air, the flexural strength of the samples is 306.2MPa, with 63% strength retention. After 5 times of thermal shock tests from room temperature to 1300°C, the flexural strength of the samples is 408.9MPa, about 85% strength retention. SEM observation also testifies non-brittle failure because many fibers are pulled out on the fracture surface. After oxidation treatment, the matrix shows no changes from XRD measurement.