The effects of prestrain and strength level on the coaxing behavior were studied in austenitic stainless steels and high strength steels, respectively. The materials used were austenitic stainless steels, SUS304 and SUS316, and high strength steels, SCM435, SNCM439 and SUJ2. Stress incremental fatigue tests were performed using cantilever-type rotating bending fatigue testing machines. It was found that the steels except for SUJ2 showed a marked coaxing effect. Non-propagating cracks were not detected in all the steels examined. Based on hardness test, X-ray diffraction measurement and EBSD analysis, it was indicated that the coaxing effect occurred due to work hardening and strain-induced martensite transformation in austenitic stainless steels and to strain-aging in high strength steels.