Modal models are commonly encountered forms of dynamic characterization of mechanical structures. They are applied in machine-condition diagnosing as well as in monitoring processes. In research practice the most frequently applied method is Experimental Modal Analysis, and in exploitation - Operational Modal Analysis. Difficulties associated with the EMA and OMA have contributed to the increase of OMAX model applications, especially in case of energetic machines. Theoretical assumptions related with modal analysis are very strong. In reality when big and heavy structures are considered often those assumptions are not fulfilled. In the paper such situations are considered and practical solutions are showed.