In order to study the damage mechanism under different stress states of aluminum alloy components, two kinds of representative triaxial stress states were adopted, namely notch tensile and pure shear. The results of study showed: During the notch tensile test, stress triaxiality in the least transverse-section was relatively higher. With increasing applied stress, the volume fraction of the microvoid in notch root was increasing constantly. When microvoid volume fraction reached the critical value, the specimen fractured. During the pure shear test, stress triaxiality almost came up to zero, and there was almost no micro-void but localized shear bands within the specimen. The shear bands resulted from non-uniform deformation constantly under the shear stress. With stress concentrating, the cracks were produced in the shear bands and later coalesced. When the equivalent plastic strain reached the critical value, the specimen fractured. The modified Gurson damage model and the Johnson-Cook model were used to simulate the notch tensile and shear test respectively. Simulated engineering stress-strain curves fit the measured engineering stress-strain curves very well. In addition, the empirical damage evolution equation for the notch specimen was obtained from the experiment data and FEM simulations.