This paper deals with the fatigue behavior and its statistical properties of SM490A steel at various temperatures, which is utilized in the railway vehicle. For these goals, the tensile ad fatigue tests were performed by using a servo-hydraulic fatigue testing machine at three temperatures: +20°C, -10°C and -40°C. The static strength and fatigue limits of SM490A steel were increased with decreasing of test temperature. The probabilistic properties of fatigue behavior are investigated by means of probabilistic stress-life (P-S-N) curve and they are well in conformance with the experimental results regardless of temperature. Also, based on P-S-N curves, the variation of fatigue life is investigated and as the temperature decreases, the variation of fatigue life increases moderately.