AE technique is proved a efficient tool for real-time monitoring of the crack initiation and propagation during rock failure process under uniaxial compression condition. In this paper, An AE system was employed to investigate the crack propagation and failure modes of three groups of granite specimens (80mm×100mm×170mm) with the same pre-existing crack. The AE sensors can be surface mounted. By using a Geiger location algorithm, AE event location can be determined by time-of-arrival times. The propagation velocities of p-wave or s-wave of granite samples were measured. Experiments on pre-existing crack propagation of granite samples were carried out on the press machine. From the testing result, failure mode of three kinds of granite samples was mainly shear failure, while the secondary crack propagated slowly and could not influence the failure mode of granite sample. By surveying the relation of accumulative AE events and stress-strain curve, AE activity represents different characters with stress-strain changing during the total loading process, microcracking contributing to fracture propagation with strain corrosion. AE location result reflected crack initiation and propagation, which is of great importance in studying rock instability and predicting rock failure mode.