X-ray stress measurement with sin2ψ method is one of useful tools to detect residual stresses in manufactured products. In this study, the residual stresses in the tungsten fiber reinforced polyethylene composite were examined by X-ray stress measurement technique. The transmission diffraction method was employed in residual stress measurement of polyethylene matrix. The X-ray elastic constant of high density polyethylene (HDPE) which formed matrix of the composite was estimated before residual stress measurement. The results of sin2ψ diagram with transmission method show good linearity under the several tensile loading. After that the residual stresses in the composite were investigated for HDPE matrix phase. From the measurement results, the tensile residual stresses existed in fiber longitudinal direction and compressive ones in transverse direction for HDPE matrix.