The thermo-hydrodynamic effect in the spiral groove mechanical seal was investigated. The coupling analysis of the fluid film and the thermal deformation of sealing rings was carried out, the separation angle obtained, and the shape of the gap between the two deformed end faces determined. The results indicate that the increase of the temperature of the fluid film and the thermal deformation of the sealing rings cause the increase of the leakage rate. There exists a critical rotating speed, when the rotating speed is lower than the critical speed, the bearing force increases with the increase of the rotating speed, and once the rotating speed is higher than the critical speed, the bearing force decreases reversely. The thermal deformation weakens the hydrodynamic effect of the spiral groove mechanical seals.