A typical mechanical character of rock is that the tensile strength is far less than the compressive strength. Meanwhile, the test data of tensile strength is very dispersive. Because the direct tensile tests always result in failure due to the difficulty in clamping the rock sample, the splitting test is used to determine the tensile strength of rock. There are four kinds of loading modes in the splitting test in actual laboratory test: angle pad splitting, round pad splitting, aclinic loading platen splitting, arc loading platen splitting. In this paper, the direct tensile test, the splitting test and the influence of different loading modes on rock tensile strength were studied. In order to study the stress distribution, the progressive splitting failure process was numerically modeled under the four kinds of loading cases by the Realistic Failure Process Analysis code (RFPA2D). Results show that the stress states under angle pad splitting, round pad splitting are similar to the stress states under diametrical compressive state. Regarding that the round pad splitting test is easy to implement, and its numerical results are also stable relatively, the round pad loading mode was suggested to be adopted.