In present paper effect of alloying elements and strengthening particle on the impact toughness were investigated. Load and energy in the impact tests were also discussed in detail for Ti-2Al, Ti-2Sn,Ti-2Zr, Ti-1Mo and Ti/TiC. Impact tests were carried out at room temperature (293K) and low temperature (83K) using a 300J capacity impact machine. Ti-1Mo, Ti-2Zr,Ti-2Sn alloys exhibit high impact toughness even at low temperature, while Ti-2Al and Ti/TiC only have high toughness at room temperature. At room temperature, general yielding occurred in all the materials, but it occurred only in Ti-1Mo, Ti-2Zr and Ti-2Sn at low temperature. It seemed that strengthening titanium couldn’t affect the elastic energy (Ei) effectively, but bring about more changes to Ep (propagation energy of crack) than to Ei (initiation energy of crack). As for the effect of alloying elements on the impact toughness, it seems to be related to the comprehensive result of the concentration and electronegative property of alloying elements. The interface between the TiC particles and matrix resulted in low toughness, especially at cryogenic temperature.