In this study, the tempering effect on the wear characteristics of induction-hardened SPS5 steel was investigated. For this purpose, three tempering conditions were applied to control the hardness and microstructure of heat-treated SPS5 steel. Ball-on-disk wear tests have been performed using zircornia balls on the tempered specimens to determine the variation of wear characteristics. The results showed that friction coefficient decreased with increasing hardness for induction-hardened SPS5 steel. This seems to occur because real contact area between specimen and mating ball was affected by the specimen hardness. Also, we observe the wear type changes from the plowing wear to the adhesive wear as the hardness increases and the adhesive wear particles act as an obstacle to the transmission of the force of friction, reducing the coefficient of friction and the wear rate.