The machining performance of porous NiTi shape memory alloys prepared using powder metallurgical production technique has been investigated experimentally in the grinding operation. Grinding force ratio, specific grinding energy, surface characteristics were detected. The result reveals that, much difference of grinding characteristics exists among three kinds of NiTi alloy because of the pore rate and the mechanical performance induced by TiH2. Under the experimental conditions, the integrated effects of predominant plastic flow and slight brittle fracture were taken for porous NiTi alloy during grinding. Additionally, the grinding parameters should be chosen carefully, otherwise the surface quality deteriorates and even the microcrack perhaps appears.