Hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramics together with various kinds of osteogenic cells have been used in bone tissue engineering. It is well known that the ceramics structure and composition affect cell proliferation / differentiation. In this study, three different types of HA ceramics were used to investigate initial cell attachment followed by osteoblastic differentiation of human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). The results indicated that micro-pore affected the cell attachment and porosity (pore diameter and inter-pore connection) was the key to allow spacious distribution of the viable cells in the ceramics. This study also confirmed that surface pore areas of HA ceramics support the differentiation of human MSCs and thus the ceramics have the capability to regenerate damaged bone tissue.