Surface roughness modulates the osseointegration of orthopaedic and dental titanium implants. High surface roughness is currently obtained by blasting of titanium implants with silica or aluminium abrasive particles. This process includes into the surface abrasive particles and may cause the release of cytotoxic silica or aluminium ions in the peri implant tissue. To overcome this drawback, we currently develop an innovative gridblasting process using Biphasic Calcium Phosphate (BCP) particles (RBBM Resorbable and Biocompatible Blast Media) to generate biocompatible roughened titanium surface. This work present the technique of blasting using RBBM particles to provide a roughened surface which does not release cytotoxic elements and (ii) to assess the effects of such a roughened surface for bone osteointegration in critical size rabbit defect. Our results demonstrate that resorbable biphasic calcium phosphate abrasive particles can be used to create titanium surface roughness. This grid blasting process increases surface roughness of titanium implants and offers a non cytotoxic surface for rapid and efficient osteointegration.