Three-dimensional textile SiC fiber reinforced SiC composites with pyrolytic carbon interfacial layer (3D-SiC/C/SiC) were fabricated by chemical vapor infiltration. The microstructure and complex permittivity of the 3D textile SiC/C/SiC composites were investigated. The flexural strength of the 3D textile SiC/C/SiC composites was 860 MPa at room temperature. The real part (ε′) and imaginary part (ε″) of the complex permittivity of the 3D-SiC/C/SiC composites are 9.11~10.03 and 4.11~4.49, respectively at the X-band frequency. The 3D-SiC/C/SiC composites would be a good candidate for structural microwave absorbing material.