With Ti-B4C-C as self-reactive spray forming system, the flying combustion process of the sprayed particles was studied by means of water-quenching experiments and numerical simulation. It was found that after the particles have been heated in the oxyacetylene flame for a short time, Ti in the particles melts first and then infiltrates B4C and C. The SHS reaction of the sprayed particles takes place subsequently. Then the liquid ceramic beads appear and crystallize into ceramic grains finally. By the ANSYS finite element analysis, it can be known that the SHS reaction of the sprayed particles starts after they have left the muzzle for about 9.5×10-4s and lasts about 1.45×10-3s before the ceramic beads solidify. The calculated optimal melting distance for the spray particles is about 116mm, which is consistent with the experimental results on the whole.