The application and the transpirational behavior of oriented porous SiC as transpiration cooling materials in a simulating test were studied. The test sample was shaped by freeze-casting process and reaction sintered. The testing device was composed by an electric arc combustor and a hydrogen coolant providing system. It was found that the permeability, the amount of coolant required and the uniformity of coolant infiltration were all effected by the microstructure of porous SiC, which furthermore influced the cooling efficiency of the testing system. In this test, the inner face temperature of the combustion chamber was maintained less than 400K throughout the thermal testing period contrasting with the fire temperature up to 3600K by the utilization of oriented porous SiC transpiration cooling materials.