Aluminized coatings prepared on nickel-based superalloys can provide good protection against high temperature oxidation and hot corrosion. This study investigated the simple aluminized and silicon-aluminized coatings on nickel-based superalloy K4104. The simple aluminized coating was prepared by pack cementation and the Al-Si coating was prepared by slurry aluminizing, respectively. The microstructure of simple aluminized and Al-Si coatings was analyzed by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). And the formation mechanism of simple aluminized and Al-Si coatings was discussed. The results showed that the simple aluminized coating was about 49 um thick and consisted of three layers. The outer layer mainly consisted of Al-rich β-NiAl. The intermediate layer consisted of Ni-rich β-NiAl and Cr-rich. The inner diffusion layer consisted of Cr-rich and γ’-Ni3Al. The microstructure of Al-Si coating showed that the coating was about 70 um thick and consisted of five layers. The Al-Si coating consisted of CrxSiy, Al-rich β-NiAl, Ni-rich β-NiAl, Cr-rich and γ’-Ni3Al. The microstructure of simple aluminized coating was compared with that of Al-Si coating in order to find out the effect of Si. Owing to the effect of Si, there was a Transition layer in Al-Si coating. The Al-Si coating was thicker than simple aluminized coating. The declining trend of the aluminum concentration in the Al-Si coating was smoother than that of the simple aluminized coating.