Molybdenum has many prominent properties, such as high melting point, good thermal properties, low erosion rate and so on, which make it promising candidate materials for plasma facing materials in the next fusion reactor. In the present work, molybdenum coatings were deposited onto the oxygen-free copper substrates by atmospheric plasma spraying. Different interlayers were introduced between the coatings and substrates. SEM, EDS and XRD were used to investigate the photographs and compositions of these coatings. The bonding strength of the coatings was tested to investigate the effect of interlayers on adhesion of the coatings at room temperature and it was found that the coating without interlayers showed the highest bonding strength. Water quenching method was used to evaluate the adhesion of the coatings under thermal cycling conditions and the results showed that the molybdenum coating with two interlayers possessed of the highest resistance of thermal cycling wrack.