Diamond thin films doped with various boron concentrations were grown on WC-Co cemented carbide tools by hot-filament-assisted chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD). The trimethyl borate dissolved in acetone solution was used as the boron resource (B/C=0%, 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.5%). The surface morphology of diamond films with different boron contents was investigated by Scanning electron microscopy, the adhesive strength was calculated by means of indentation test under a load of 1500N. A real cutting performance was carried out on Al metal matrix composites material (20vol%SiC, 15μm), and the insert flank wear was examined by measuring the scars that appeared on the cutting edge with tool microscope. The research results shown the surface morphology and structure of the diamond films changed owing to boron doping. As the doping levels increased, the average grain size of the films decreased from 10 to 2μm. A significant improvement in adhesion and cutting performance were observed as the boron contents increased from 0% to 0.5%. The adhesion and cutting performance were best when the boron concentration was 0.3%. Adequate boron can effectively suppress the cobalt diffusion to the substrate surface and avoid the catalytic effect of cobalt at the high temperature. It is of great significance for improvement of the adhesive strength and cutting performance of diamond-coated tools using above method.