Advanced engineering ceramics are more and more widely employed in modern industries because of their excellent mechanical properties such as high hardness, high compressive strength, high chemical and abrasive resistance. These properties limited the machining to the insulated ceramics. This paper investigates the electrical discharge machining (EDM) of ZrO2-based ceramics by assisting electrode method. The theory of assisting electrode method is introduced. The machining phenomena under different electrical parameters were studied. The material removal mechanisms change with the increase in the power of single pulse. Some work-pieces have been machined successful through the assisting electrode method.