Paper Title:
Ensuring Implant Fixation and Sol-Gel Derived Ceramic Coatings
  Abstract

Bioactive ceramic coatings have been widely applied to ensure direct chemical implant-bone contact, thus reducing the time required for osseointegration. In this respect the plasma-sprayed CaP coatings are the most widely applied, although the composition, structure and the adhesion to the substrate are difficult to control. Despite the success in preparing a large variety of bioactive ceramics, metal implants are still widely used in load-bearing orthopedic and dental applications. Regardless, that the inert metallic materials do not form a chemical bond with tissues, in both hard and soft tissue environments, but rather a fibrous tissue capsule is formed. In order for a material to chemically attach to bone, spontaneous formation (or ready-made presence) of bone-mineral like calcium phosphate (CaP) on the materials’ surface in physiological environments is needed. In this review both conventional and sol-gel derived ceramics are discussed as well as the recent attempts to ensure implant fixation. Special focus is put on the use of sol-gel derived titania coatings and their applications including the newest findings in soft tissue environment.

  Info
Periodical
Edited by
Maria Vallet-Regí
Pages
111-132
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.377.111
Citation
S. Areva, M. Jokinen, "Ensuring Implant Fixation and Sol-Gel Derived Ceramic Coatings", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 377, pp. 111-132, 2008
Online since
March 2008
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Price
$32.00
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