This paper describes the software gauge data for surface texture standard using the non-causal 2D auto-regressive model (A-R model). This model can provide with 3D irregular surface topography and intentional geometrical characteristics from specified surface texture parameters. The measurement area consists of a periodical combination of the generated sampling area data. The surface roughness parameters introduced from the gauge data on a defined evaluation area can be insensitive to size and location of the evaluation area size. Adequate measuring conditions to utilize the surface material measures were investigated and then the evaluation area and sampling distance for areal profiling by a stylus instrument were clarified.