Based on analyses of cutting heat and temperature in high speed milling, to construct a model of critical cutting speed for high speed milling cutter, find out influencing factor of critical cutting speed, and put forward optimization method of high speed milling cutter based on critical cutting speed. The results indicate that chip conducts a majority of cutting heat along with increase of cutting speed, feed speed and the rake of cutter. Cutting heat which workpiece conducts gradually diminishes when heat source accelerates. When cutting performance of cutter satisfies requirements of high speed milling, the proportion of cutting heat which workpiece conducts approaches its maximum as cutting speed comes to critical cutting speed. To optimize high speed face milling cutter for machining aluminum alloy according to critical cutting speed, the cutter takes on better cutting performance when cutting speed is 2040m/min~2350m/min.