Pathologic calcification can lead to failure or deterioration of cardiac valves. Several researchers have tried alternatives to construct these devices, such as the incorporation or utilization of new biomaterials able to inhibit or decrease the calcification process. In vitro calcification tests can be used to screen new biomaterials regarding their potential to calcify in vivo. However, the mechanisms involved in both cases are not completely understood. In order to collect more information about the calcification process of implanted materials, morphology and elemental analyses of calcified cardiac valve fragments explanted from different patients were investigated and compared to previous reports of in vitro calcification tests. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analyses indicated that the calcium phosphate deposits from both bovine pericardium and human cardiac valves calcified in vivo were similar to the deposits obtained from in vitro calcification samples as previously reported in the literature.