The setting behaviour, the compressive strength and the porosity of four calcium alkali orthophosphate cements were examined under laboratory conditions (dry) and under conditions similar to those during clinical application (37°C, contact with body fluid). The results showed an increase of the setting times when specimens were covered with simulated body fluid. Especially, the final setting time (FHZ) was significantly higher for three of the four cements. Furthermore, when specimens were stored in SBF for 16h, an extensive decrease of the compressive strength was noted. The porosity was more than twice as high after 16h in SBF and this may be the cause for the great decrease of the compressive strength.