A literature review was carried out to identify advances in research on workability of fresh concrete via both experimental tests and modeling, especially high performance concrete and self-compacting concrete. It is concluded that, in order to achieve better understanding of fresh concrete, especially self-compacting concrete (SCC) and high-performance concrete (HPC), a clear methodology of research should be established as the first step. It is suggested that there is no unique workability test method suitable for all the range of fluidity of fresh concrete, and a specific method should be identified for a proper range of fluidity. As to the relationship between fluidity of concrete and that of paste, future research can be conducted in two aspects, i.e. one is the influence of the quantity of paste in concrete, and another is the influence of fluidity of paste affected by a couple of factors.