A fractographic procedure was developed and applied for ordinary ceramic refractory materials with a rather large size of heterogeneities and defects. It is based on a stereooptical method for generation of digital surface profiles which are evaluated by an autocorrelation function. Furthermore, a lateral correlation length is derived. A group of seven refractory materials was characterised by mechanical and fracture mechanical investigations, and the same specimens had been characterized by the fractographic procedure. Correlations have been tested. The results show a relation between the lateral correlation length and two fracture mechanical characteristics which are significant for the material brittleness and the elastic strain energy stored at maximum load. These relations are contributed to the dependence of the crack path on brittleness. With decreasing brittleness the amount of the crack path proceeding along the grain/matrix boundary increases for the materials investigated.