The ballistic performance of ceramic materials was investigated. Various types of ceramic-metals and ceramic-laminate composites were prepared. Their ballistic resistances against AP small arms ammunition of protection level 2 and 3 according to NATO Standardization Agreement STANAG 4569 were investigated. For the ballistic performance assessment V50 test method was used. From economical, technological, and ballistic point of view as optimal solution sandwich structure consisting of alumina front-face layer and aramid or duralumin backing layer was found.