Polymeric layered composites exhibit a variety of damages following in service loading conditions, like delamination, matrix cracking or even fibre breaking. Detection of such damages and assessing their extension and severity is vital during maintenance cycle, in view of keeping the normal operational reliability. For local inspections, IR thermography and ultrasonic scanning are among the best valued NDT methods. The paper describes the inspections performed by IR active thermography, in different variants, and pulse-echo ultrasonic scanning on GFRP. A variety of layered composites and defects/damages were inspected and the results are evaluated independently, in some cases being compared each other, with valuable conclusions for the users of the mentioned NDI techniques.