Based on pattern spectrum entropy and proximal support vector machine (PSVM), a motor rolling bearing fault diagnosis method is proposed in this paper. It is very difficult to filter the fault vibration signals from the strong noise background because the roller bearing fault diagnosis is a problem of multi-class classification of inner ring fault, outer ring fault and ball fault. Firstly, vibration signals are processed by the pattern spectrum. Secondly, the morphological pattern spectrum entropy, and pattern spectrum values are utilized to identify the fault features of input parameters of PSVM classifiers. The experiment results demonstrate that the pattern spectrum quantifies various aspects of the shape-size content of a signal, and PSVM costs a little time and has better efficiency than the standard SVM.