Order tracking is an important method to analyze the response characteristics of rotating machinery for fault diagnosis and condition monitoring in rotating machinery. Order tracking method overcomes the shortcomings of traditional resampling and FFT method. A new use based on the order tracking analysis is proposed in this paper, the computed order tracking method is applied to analyse the dynamic vibration signals during aeroengine start-stop process.In the aeroengine test, the fault characteristic of rotating shafts is related to the rotating speed,vibration will be more complicated and diversified with the increasing speed during run-up process, and has characteristics of periodicity and multiple frequency. It is of vital critical to extract characteristic information from exterior measurement vibration signal and get interior fault information. Applying the order tracking in the analysis of aeroengine signals shows that it can extract the fault characteristics and realize the state monitoring.