AF1410 steel is a kind of high alloy ultrahigh strength steel with perfect hardness, strength and fracture toughness after secondary hardening heat treatment. The distribution of residual stresses affects the fatigue life and stress corrosion resistance of the components in service. Little investigation about the residual stresses on AF1410 steel had been studied previously. The distribution of surface residual stresses on the components should be controlled by the machining process. In this study, two AF1410 workpieces machined by the orthogonal end-milling experiment of AF1410 were performed. The axial depth of cut, cutting speed, feed rate per tooth and radial depth of cut were involved in to the experimental factors. The residual stresses were measured by X-ray diffraction method. The influence of milling factors on distribution of surface residual stresses was studied with range analysis method. The influence sequence of the factors on surface residual stresses were obtained and the optimum value of cutting parameters were selected.