Hydropower station is one of key energy construction projects in china. The hydro-mechanical component is one of the core parts of the hydropower station. Therefore, the importance of hydro-condition monitoring becomes even more conspicuous in hydropower station. In this present study, the hardware of hydropower station hydraulic monitoring system was re-designed and integrated through researching hydro-determination theory and method of the hydropower station, using ADAM modules; At the same time, by using development tool C++ and assembly language, a 16-channel data acquisition and visualization operations hydro-monitoring system was completed by implementing the functions of acquisition, calibration, analysis, processing for the software system. Finally, the entire monitoring system was applied on Tianqiao hydropower, and the result indicated that this system might be a better method in monitoring results.