Gyroscope is the core of an inertia system and made by machining process. Machining process imports large residual stress. The residual stress will be released and induces large deformation of gyroscope frame. In this paper, the effects of residual stress on deformation of gyroscope frame were simulated by finite element method. Different stress distribution leads different deformation. Compressive stress can make sample long and tensile stress make sample short. The stress released in deformation process which reduced about 90%.