The bearing capacity decreases continuously along with the deterioration of material property under the action of external effects. It is important to evaluate the damage of concrete, and the damage parameter plays an important role in this process. An experimentation method has been designed, which can simulate the initial damage by mixed initiator into concrete. Using the elastic modulus of axial compression experimentation, the initial damage D0 and damage threshold value Df have been gained. The Size effect of concrete compress damage parameters is verified.