An enhanced nucleation heat treatment process was employed to refine the grain structure of 7075Al/ 7wt.% SiCp metal matrix composite material. The grain structure of the metal matrix composite was investigated. The resulting microstructures were compared. It was found that a fine grained microstructure developed after the rapid heat treatment process. An increase in hardness was achieved, with hardness increasing from 129 HV in the cold extruded state to 137 – 153 HV after the heat treatment process.