Health assessment of a structure is various. In architecture and civil engineering, a natural frequency is calculated by conducting the frequency analysis of the response waveform of the structure. The natural frequency measurement has been performed with a speedometer, an acceleration sensor and a laser Doppler velocimeter, but possibility of the evaluation of the natural frequency by the digital image correlation method was examined mainly. In the case of the digital image correlation method, if a picture and time are connected, the displacement response of the structure is obtained. Hence, we considered the applicability of it to the vibration phenomenon. We carried out displacement comparison with the finite element method, and then investigated the accuracy of the displacement response waveform. Furthermore, it succeeded in assessment of the natural frequency by the frequency analysis. The health assessment of the structure is possible by using the digital image correlation method and frequency analysis.